Hvar is known as the sunniest island in Croatia, located in the Adriatic sea surrounded by Brač, Pag, Pakleni Islands, and Vis. The name of the island is of Greek origin, Pharos, which means lighthouse. The vegetation of the island is mostly pine forest, which in combination with pleasant weather, creates excellent conditions for olive and vine growth. For decades, the primary industry was agriculture until the vast increase in tourism.
The island was inhabited as early as prehistoric times, 6 000 years ago. The findings from Mark’s and Grapčeva cave have ceramics that are from the Neolithic era. Hvar gains most of its political, economic, and architectural value during the time of the Republic of Venice. Hvar was the main Venetian port on the east side of the Adriatic coast. Progress in the development of structure and organization in Hvar happened during the period of the Austro Hungarian Monarchy. During which most of the harbor on the island has restored. At the same time, people turned to agriculture and farming with a focus on vine and lavender, which remained until today. Hvar had the biggest lavender field in Europe. The most influential artist of the Hvar cultural scene, which was blooming in the 15th and 16th century, were Hanibal Lucić, Petar Hektorović, Mikša Pelegrinović, and Jeronim Bartučević.
Island Hvar is an excellent getaway for taking a nice deep breath, away from the city fog. Because of its location, Hvar remains a fresh and clean place where people and nature live in complete harmony. Surrounded by the fields of lavender, old trees of olives, and vinegar’s, there is nothing left to feel but absolute happiness and gratefulness to be able to participate in this little paradise on the Earth.
Hvar is the most glamorous Croatian island frequented by many celebrities. The town of Hvar is the most popular place on Hvar, while Jelsa, Stari Grad, and Sućuraj are more subtle places, but still beautiful.
Town Hvar, with its rich history, nearby archipelago Pakleni Island, gastronomic variety, and exclusive nightlife, is the most popular place on the island Hvar. Hvar, with its monuments, looks like a magical scenario. The city walls, stone streets, and buildings are preserved masterpieces of the rich history that manifested in this place, leaving its trace in beautiful architecture and monuments. The most important places to visit are Fortica, Arsenal, St. Stephen’s Square, Cathedral, and the Franciscan monastery.
Fortica is a medieval fortress with a magnificent view looking at Hvar harbor and the Pakleni Islands. Arsenal is the historic building once served as a repair and refitting station for warships. In 1612, on the first floor of the building, the first national (public) theater in Europe was opened. In this sense, Arsenal became a significant architectural and urban landmark of Hvar. St. Stephen’s square is situated between the Cathedral and the sea, and it’s the biggest square in the Dalmatia. This piazza is the hub of the Hvar town, preserving its original shape from the 15th century, filled with local bars and cafes.
Town Hvar developed a lot during the end of the 13th century with the characteristic of Romanesque and Gothic architecture. Over time, it was reconstructed and adapted with Renaissance and Baroque elements. The geographical position of town Hvar, in comparison with Stari Grad, had a less significant role during Ancient times. Later on, throughout history, Stari Grad had a governing role while Hvar was an important harbor, especially during the Venetian period when it gained its glory.
Stari Grad, once an antic city Pharos, today famous tourist destination that except crystal clear water and a big scoop of sunshine, has a lot to offer. Stari Grad has many spectacular archaeological sites with a rich input of prehistoric evidence of residents’ dwellings. Also, there a lot of secular architecture like castle Tvrdalj, baroque square Škor, and Palace Biankini.
Stari Grad played a vital economic and political role for the island Hvar during history.
Because of its location, Stari Grad is a great spot for both agriculture (olives and vine) and holidays. With its rich cultural heritage, stone houses, narrow streets, and beautiful sea, its no wonder why many tourists come to visit it. Even though Stari Grad has no such vibrant nightlife as town Hvar, it’s a great place to enjoy a Mediterranean dish made will local groceries with a glass of domestic vine. There are a lot of great swimming spots with thick pines woods, Lanterna is the most popular one.
The town Jelsa situated in the middle of the island Hvar is rich with historical monuments that you can find in churches, parks, and squares. This small harbor town with less crowd than the town Hvar, breaths with the simplicity of Dalmatian life, with its pines, beaches, breeze, and beautiful bays. Jelsa has a richly indented coastline with islets, many bays, and capes where the visitors can find real pleasure and peace.
This small town, situated on the eastern cape of the island Hvar, is surrounded by the captivating beauty of the nearby mountain Biokovo, peninsula Pelješac, and the Adriatic Sea. The monuments worth visiting are the church of St. Ante Padovansky in the baroque style with elements of the Gothic and monastery of St. Augustine and church of St. George, dating from the 13th century. Agriculture and fishing are still a popular activity among locals. Local restaurants serve delicious products of domestic origin. The most famous bays with natural sand in the sea are bay Perna and bay Mlaska.